SPAMfighter information about
 

North Korea

The data on this page is obtained from The World Factbook.
 Communications information 
SPAMfighters: 0
Internet users: NA
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
Internet country code: .kp
Telephones - main lines in use: 980,000 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
Telephone system: general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 850; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Russian (Indian Ocean region); other international connections through Moscow and Beijing
Radio broadcast stations: AM 17 (including 11 stations of Korean Central Broadcasting Station), FM 14, shortwave 14 (2003)
Radios: 3.36 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 4 (includes Korean Central Television, Mansudae Television, Korean Educational and Cultural Network, and Kaesong Television targeting South Korea) (2003)
Televisions: 1.2 million (1997)
 Geographical information 
Location: Eastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea
Geographic coordinates: 40 00 N, 127 00 E
Map references: Asia
Area: total: 120,540 sq km

land: 120,410 sq km

water: 130 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Mississippi
Land boundaries: total: 1,673 km

border countries: China 1,416 km, South Korea 238 km, Russia 19 km
Coastline: 2,495 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

note: military boundary line 50 nm in the Sea of Japan and the exclusive economic zone limit in the Yellow Sea where all foreign vessels and aircraft without permission are banned
Climate: temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer
Terrain: mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west, discontinuous in east
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m

highest point: Paektu-san 2,744 m
Natural resources: coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower
Land use: arable land: 22.4%

permanent crops: 1.66%

other: 75.94% (2005)
Irrigated land: 14,600 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall
Environment - current issues: water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water; waterborne disease; deforestation; soil erosion and degradation
Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - note: strategic location bordering China, South Korea, and Russia; mountainous interior is isolated and sparsely populated
 People information 
Population: 23,113,019 (July 2006 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 23.8% (male 2,788,944/female 2,708,331)

15-64 years: 68% (male 7,762,442/female 7,955,522)

65 years and over: 8.2% (male 667,792/female 1,229,988) (2006 est.)
Median age: total: 32 years

male: 30.7 years

female: 33.4 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.84% (2006 est.)
Birth rate: 15.54 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate: 7.13 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.54 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 23.29 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 24.97 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 21.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.65 years

male: 68.92 years

female: 74.51 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.1 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Nationality: noun: Korean(s)

adjective: Korean
Ethnic groups: racially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Religions: traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way)

note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom
Languages: Korean
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99%
 Governmental information 
Country name: conventional long form: Democratic People´s Republic of Korea

conventional short form: North Korea

local long form: Choson-minjujuui-inmin-konghwaguk

local short form: Choson

abbreviation: DPRK
Government type: Communist state one-man dictatorship
Capital: name: Pyongyang

geographic coordinates: 39 01 N, 125 45 E

time difference: UTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 4 municipalities (si, singular and plural)

provinces: Chagang-do (Chagang), Hamgyong-bukto (North Hamgyong), Hamgyong-namdo (South Hamgyong), Hwanghae-bukto (North Hwanghae), Hwanghae-namdo (South Hwanghae), Kangwon-do (Kangwon), P´yongan-bukto (North P´yongan), P´yongan-namdo (South P´yongan), Yanggang-do (Yanggang)

municipalites: Kaesong-si (Kaesong), Najin Sonbong-si (Najin), Namp´o-si (Namp´o), P´yongyang-si (Pyongyang)
Independence: 15 August 1945 (from Japan)
National holiday: Founding of the Democratic People´s Republic of Korea (DPRK), 9 September (1948)
Constitution: adopted 1948; completely revised 27 December 1972, revised again in April 1992, and September 1998
Legal system: based on German civil law system with Japanese influences and Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: KIM Jong Il (since July 1994); note - on 3 September 2003, rubberstamp Supreme People´s Assembly (SPA) reelected KIM Jong Il chairman of the National Defense Commission, a position accorded nation´s "highest administrative authority"; SPA reelected KIM Yong Nam president of its Presidium also with responsibility of representing state and receiving diplomatic credentials; SPA appointed PAK Pong Ju premier

head of government: Premier PAK Pong Ju (since 3 September 2003); Vice Premiers KWAK Pom Gi (since 5 September 1998), JON Sung Hun (since 3 September 2003), RO Tu Chol (since 3 September 2003)

cabinet: Naegak (cabinet) members, except for Minister of People´s Armed Forces, are appointed by SPA

elections: last held in September 2003 (next to be held in September 2008)

election results: KIM Jong Il and KIM Yong Nam were only nominees for positions and ran unopposed
Legislative branch: unicameral Supreme People´s Assembly or Ch´oego Inmin Hoeui (687 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 3 August 2003 (next to be held in August 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; ruling party approves a list of candidates who are elected without opposition; some seats are held by minor parties
Judicial branch: Central Court (judges are elected by the Supreme People´s Assembly)
Political parties and leaders: major party - Korean Workers´ Party or KWP [KIM Jong Il]; minor parties - Chondoist Chongu Party [RYU Mi Yong] (under KWP control), Social Democratic Party [KIM Yong Dae] (under KWP control)
Political pressure groups and leaders: none
International organization participation: ARF, FAO, G-77, ICAO, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO
Diplomatic representation in the US: none; North Korea has a Permanent Mission to the UN in New York
Diplomatic representation from the US: none; note - Swedish Embassy in Pyongyang represents the US as consular protecting power
Flag description: three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star
 Economical information 
Economy - overview: North Korea, one of the world´s most centrally planned and isolated economies, faces desperate economic conditions. Industrial capital stock is nearly beyond repair as a result of years of underinvestment and shortages of spare parts. Industrial and power output have declined in parallel. Despite an increased harvest in 2005 because of more stable weather conditions, fertilizer assistance from South Korea, and an extraordinary mobilization of the population to help with agricultural production, the nation has suffered its 11th year of food shortages because of on-going systemic problems, including a lack of arable land, collective farming practices, and chronic shortages of tractors and fuel. Massive international food aid deliveries have allowed the people of North Korea to escape mass starvation since famine threatened in 1995, but the population continues to suffer from prolonged malnutrition and poor living conditions. Large-scale military spending eats up resources needed for investment and civilian consumption. In 2004, the regime formalized an arrangement whereby private "farmers markets" were allowed to begin selling a wider range of goods. It also permitted some private farming on an experimental basis in an effort to boost agricultural output. In October 2005, the regime reversed some of these policies by forbidding private sales of grains and reinstituting a centralized food rationing system. In December 2005, the regime confirmed that it intended to carry out earlier threats to terminate all international humanitarian assistance operations in the DPRK (calling instead for developmental assistance only) and to restrict the activities of international and non-governmental aid organizations such as the World Food Program. Firm political control remains the Communist government´s overriding concern, which will likely inhibit the loosening of economic regulations.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $40 billion

note: North Korea does not publish any reliable National Income Accounts data; the datum shown here is derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP estimates for North Korea that were made by Angus Maddison in a study conducted for the OECD; his figure for 1999 was extrapolated to 2005 using estimated real growth rates for North Korea´s GDP and an inflation factor based on the US GDP deflator; the result was rounded to the nearest $10 billion (2005 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): NA
GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,700 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 30%

industry: 34%

services: 36% (2002 est.)
Labor force: 9.6 million
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 36%

industry and services: 64%
Unemployment rate: NA%
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
Budget: revenues: $NA

expenditures: $NA
Agriculture - products: rice, corn, potatoes, soybeans, pulses; cattle, pigs, pork, eggs
Industries: military products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing; tourism
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: 18.75 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 29%

hydro: 71%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Electricity - consumption: 17.43 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2003)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 25,000 bbl/day (2003)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: 22,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Exports: $1.275 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Exports - commodities: minerals, metallurgical products, manufactures (including armaments), textiles, fishery products
Exports - partners: China 45.6%, South Korea 20.2%, Japan 12.9% (2004)
Imports: $2.819 billion c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Imports - commodities: petroleum, coking coal, machinery and equipment, textiles, grain
Imports - partners: China 32.9%, Thailand 10.7%, Japan 4.8% (2004)
Debt - external: $12 billion (1996 est.)
Currency (code): North Korean won (KPW)
Currency code: KPW
Exchange rates: official: North Korean won per US dollar - 170 (December 2004), 150 (December 2002), 2.15 (December 2001); market: North Korean won per US dollar - 300-600 (December 2002)
Fiscal year: calendar year
 Transportations information 
Airports: 77 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 36

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 22

1,524 to 2,437 m: 8

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 3 (2006)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 41

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 20

914 to 1,523 m: 13

under 914 m: 7 (2006)
Heliports: 22 (2006)
Pipelines: oil 154 km (2006)
Railways: total: 5,214 km

standard gauge: 5,214 km 1.435-m gauge (3,500 km electrified) (2005)
Roadways: total: 31,200 km

paved: 1,997 km

unpaved: 29,203 km (1999 est.)
Waterways: 2,250 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2006)
Merchant marine: total: 232 ships (1000 GRT or over) 983,182 GRT/1,370,104 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 14, cargo 176, chemical tanker 1, container 4, livestock carrier 3, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 17, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 8, vehicle carrier 1

foreign-owned: 60 (British Virgin Islands 1, China 1, Denmark 1, Egypt 2, Greece 1, India 1, Lebanon 6, Lithuania 1, Marshall Islands 1, Pakistan 3, Romania 11, Russia 1, Singapore 1, Syria 14, Turkey 4, UAE 6, US 3, Yemen 2)

registered in other countries: 5 (Belize 2, Mongolia 3) (2006)
Ports and terminals: Ch´ongjin, Haeju, Hungnam (Hamhung), Kimch´aek, Kosong, Najin, Namp´o, Sinuiju, Songnim, Sonbong (formerly Unggi), Ungsang, Wonsan
 Military information 
Military branches: North Korean People´s Army: Ground Force, Navy, Air Force; civil security forces (2005)
Military service age and obligation: 17 years of age (2004)
Manpower available for military service: males age 17-49: 5,851,801

females age 17-49: 5,850,733 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 17-49: 4,810,831

females age 17-49: 4,853,270 (2005 est.)
Manpower reaching military service age annually: males age 18-49: 194,605

females age 17-49: 187,846 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure: $5,217.4 million (FY02)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA
 Information about transnational issues 
Disputes - international: China seeks to stem illegal migration of tens of thousands of North Koreans escaping famine, economic privation, and political oppression; North Korea and China dispute the sovereignty of certain islands in Yalu and Tumen rivers and a section of boundary around Paektu-san (mountain) is indefinite; Military Demarcation Line within the 4-km wide Demilitarized Zone has separated North from South Korea since 1953; periodic maritime disputes with South over the Northern Limit Line; North Korea supports South Korea in rejecting Japan´s claim to Liancourt Rocks (Tok-do/Take-shima)
Refugees and internally displaced persons: IDPs: 50,000-250,000 (government repression and famine) (2005)
Illicit drugs: for years, from the 1970s into the 2000s, citizens of the Democratic People´s Republic of (North) Korea (DPRK), many of them diplomatic employees of the government, were apprehended abroad while trafficking in narcotics, including two in Turkey in December 2004; police investigations in Taiwan and Japan in recent years have linked North Korea to large illicit shipments of heroin and methamphetamine, including an attempt by the North Korean merchant ship Pong Su to deliver 150 kg of heroin to Australia in April 2003

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