SPAMfighter information about

The Gambia

The data on this page is obtained from The World Factbook.
 Communications information 
SPAMfighters: 64
Internet users: 49,000 (2005)
Internet hosts: 14 (2006)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2001)
Internet country code: .gm
Telephones - main lines in use: 44,000 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 247,500 (2005)
Telephone system: general assessment: adequate; a packet switched data network is available

domestic: adequate network of microwave radio relay and open-wire

international: country code - 220; microwave radio relay links to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001)
Radios: 196,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 1 (government-owned) (1997)
Televisions: 5,000 (2000)
 Geographical information 
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 16 34 W
Map references: Africa
Area: total: 11,300 sq km

land: 10,000 sq km

water: 1,300 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Delaware
Land boundaries: total: 740 km

border countries: Senegal 740 km
Coastline: 80 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 18 nm

continental shelf: not specified

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)
Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 53 m
Natural resources: fish, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon, silica sand, clay, petroleum
Land use: arable land: 27.88%

permanent crops: 0.44%

other: 71.68% (2005)
Irrigated land: 20 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)
Environment - current issues: deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent
Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa
 People information 
Population: 1,641,564 (July 2006 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 44.3% (male 365,157/female 361,821)

15-64 years: 53% (male 431,627/female 438,159)

65 years and over: 2.7% (male 22,889/female 21,911) (2006 est.)
Median age: total: 17.7 years

male: 17.6 years

female: 17.8 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.84% (2006 est.)
Birth rate: 39.37 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate: 12.25 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.05 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 71.58 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 78.06 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 64.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 54.14 years

male: 52.3 years

female: 56.03 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate: 5.3 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.2% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 6,800 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 600 (2003 est.)
Nationality: noun: Gambian(s)

adjective: Gambian
Ethnic groups: African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
Religions: Muslim 90%, Christian 9%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 40.1%

male: 47.8%

female: 32.8% (2003 est.)
 Governmental information 
Country name: conventional long form: Republic of The Gambia

conventional short form: The Gambia
Government type: republic
Capital: name: Banjul

geographic coordinates: 12 28 N, 16 39 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 5 divisions and 1 city*; Banjul*, Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, Western
Independence: 18 February 1965 (from UK)
National holiday: Independence Day, 18 February (1965)
Constitution: 24 April 1970; suspended July 1994; rewritten and approved by national referendum 8 August 1996; reestablished January 1997
Legal system: based on a composite of English common law, Koranic law, and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 October 1996); note - from 1994 to 1996 he was chairman of the Junta); Vice President Isatou NJIE-SAIDY (since 20 March 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 October 1996); note - from 1994 to 1996 he was chairman of the Junta); Vice President Isatou NJIE-SAIDY (since 20 March 1997)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president

elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held 22 September 2006 (next to be held in 2011)

election results: Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH reelected president; percent of vote - Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH 67.3%, Ousainou DARBOE 26.6%
Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (53 seats; 48 elected by popular vote, 5 appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 17 January 2002 (next to be held 25 January 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APRC 45, PDOIS 2, NRP 1,
Judicial branch: Supreme Court
Political parties and leaders: Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction or APRC [Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH] (the ruling party); Gambian People´s Party-Progressive People´s Party-United Democratic Party or GPP-PPP-UDP Coalition [Ousainou DARBOE]; National Convention Party or NCP [Sheriff DIBBA]; National Reconciliation Party or NRP [Hamat N. K. BAH]; People´s Democratic Organization for Independence and Socialism or PDOIS [Sidia JATTA]

note: in August 2001, an independent electoral commission allowed the reregistration of the GPP, NCP, and PPP, three parties banned since 1996
Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Dodou Bammy JAGNE

chancery: Suite 905, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005

telephone: [1] (202) 785-1379

FAX: [1] (202) 785-1430
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph D. STAFFORD, III

embassy: Kairaba Avenue, Fajara, Banjul

mailing address: P. M. B. No. 19, Banjul

telephone: [220] 439-2856, 437-6169, 437-6170

FAX: [220] 439-2475
Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green
 Economical information 
Economy - overview: The Gambia has no significant mineral or natural resource deposits and has a limited agricultural base. About 75% of the population depends on crops and livestock for its livelihood. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides. Reexport trade normally constitutes a major segment of economic activity, but a 1999 government-imposed preshipment inspection plan, and instability of the Gambian dalasi (currency) have drawn some of the reexport trade away from The Gambia. The government´s 1998 seizure of the private peanut firm Alimenta eliminated the largest purchaser of Gambian groundnuts. Despite an announced program to begin privatizing key parastatals, no plans have been made public that would indicate that the government intends to follow through on its promises. Unemployment and underemployment rates remain extremely high; short-run economic progress depends on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management, on continued technical assistance from the IMF and bilateral donors, and on expected growth in the construction sector.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.034 billion (2005 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $429 million (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 5.5% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,900 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 30.8%

industry: 14.2%

services: 54.9% (2005 est.)
Labor force: 400,000 (1996)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 75%

industry: 19%

services: 6%
Unemployment rate: NA%
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 8.8% (2005 est.)
Budget: revenues: $46.63 million

expenditures: $62.66 million; including capital expenditures of $4.1 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava (tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats
Industries: processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: 140 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Electricity - consumption: 130.2 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2003)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - consumption: 2,000 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Current account balance: $-53 million (2005 est.)
Exports: $140.3 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports - commodities: peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels, re-exports
Exports - partners: India 40.4%, UK 18.2%, Indonesia 8.3%, Senegal 4.6%, Belgium 4.3% (2005)
Imports: $197 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment
Imports - partners: China 21.3%, Senegal 11.3%, Cote d´Ivoire 8.4%, Brazil 6%, United States 5.2%, UK 5.1%, Netherlands 4.1% (2005)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $82 million (2005 est.)
Debt - external: $628.8 million (2003 est.)
Currency (code): dalasi (GMD)
Currency code: GMD
Exchange rates: dalasi per United States dollar - 30.38 (2005), 30.03 (2004), 27.306 (2004), 19.918 (2003), 15.687 (2002), 15.687 (2001)
Fiscal year: calendar year
 Transportations information 
Airports: 1 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2006)
Roadways: total: 3,742 km

paved: 723 km

unpaved: 3,019 km (2003)
Waterways: 390 km (on River Gambia; small ocean-going vessels can reach 190 km) (2004)
Merchant marine: total: 5 ships (1000 GRT or over) 32,064 GRT/9,751 DWT

by type: passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 1 (2006)
Ports and terminals: Banjul
 Military information 
Military branches: Gambian National Army (GNA), Gambian Navy (GN), Presidential Guard, National Guard
Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2001)
Manpower available for military service: males age 18-49: 311,025

females age 18-49: 316,214 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 18-49: 183,057

females age 18-49: 194,551 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure: $1.55 million (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 0.4% (2005 est.)
 Information about transnational issues 
Disputes - international: attempts to stem refugees, cross-border raids, arms smuggling, and other illegal activities by separatists from southern Senegal´s Casamance region, as well as from conflicts in other west African states

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