SPAMfighter information about

British Virgin Islands

The data on this page is obtained from The World Factbook.
 Communications information 
SPAMfighters: 49
Internet users: 4,000 (2002)
Internet hosts: 525 (2006)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 16 (2000)
Internet country code: .vg
Telephones - main lines in use: 11,700 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 8,000 (2002)
Telephone system: general assessment: worldwide telephone service

domestic: NA

international: country code - 1-284; submarine cable to Bermuda
Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2004)
Radios: 9,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus one cable company) (1997)
Televisions: 4,000 (1997)
 Geographical information 
Location: Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates: 18 30 N, 64 30 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total: 153 sq km

land: 153 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: comprised of 16 inhabited and more than 20 uninhabited islands; includes the islands of Tortola, Anegada, Virgin Gorda, Jost van Dyke
Area - comparative: about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 80 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate: subtropical; humid; temperatures moderated by trade winds
Terrain: coral islands relatively flat; volcanic islands steep, hilly
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Sage 521 m
Natural resources: NEGL
Land use: arable land: 20%

permanent crops: 6.67%

other: 73.33% (2005)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October)
Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources (except for a few seasonal streams and springs on Tortola, most of the islands´ water supply comes from wells and rainwater catchments)
Geography - note: strong ties to nearby United States Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico
 People information 
Population: 23,098 (July 2006 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.5% (male 2,403/female 2,331)

15-64 years: 74.3% (male 8,811/female 8,340)

65 years and over: 5.3% (male 636/female 577) (2006 est.)
Median age: total: 31.4 years

male: 31.6 years

female: 31.2 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.97% (2006 est.)
Birth rate: 14.89 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate: 4.42 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate: 9.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.1 male(s)/female

total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 16.72 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 19.5 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 13.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.68 years

male: 75.56 years

female: 77.84 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.72 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Nationality: noun: British Virgin Islander(s)

adjective: British Virgin Islander
Ethnic groups: black 83%, white, Indian, Asian and mixed
Religions: Protestant 86% (Methodist 33%, Anglican 17%, Church of God 9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%, Baptist 4%, Jehovah´s Witnesses 2%, other 15%), Roman Catholic 10%, none 2%, other 2% (1991)
Languages: English (official)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.8% (1991 est.)

male: NA%

female: NA%
 Governmental information 
Country name: conventional long form: none

conventional short form: British Virgin Islands

abbreviation: BVI
Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK; internal self-governing
Government type: NA
Capital: name: Road Town

geographic coordinates: 18 27 N, 64 37 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday: Territory Day, 1 July
Constitution: 1 June 1977, amended in 2000
Legal system: English law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor David PEAREY (since 18 April 2006)

head of government: Chief Minister Dr. Orlando D. SMITH (since 17 June 2003)

cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from members of the Legislative Council

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council (13 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote, 1 member from each of nine electoral districts, 4 at-large members; members serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 16 May 2003 (next to be held in 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NDP 8, VIP 5
Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal (one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the High Court); Magistrate´s Court; Juvenile Court; Court of Summary Jurisdiction
Political parties and leaders: Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Ethlyn SMITH]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Orlando SMITH]; United Party or UP [Gregory MADURO]; Virgin Islands Party or VIP [Ralph T. O´NEAL]
Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
International organization participation: Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, OECS (associate), UNESCO (associate), UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description: blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Virgin Islander coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts a woman flanked on either side by a vertical column of six oil lamps above a scroll bearing the Latin word VIGILATE (Be Watchful)
 Economical information 
Economy - overview: The economy, one of the most stable and prosperous in the Caribbean, is highly dependent on tourism, generating an estimated 45% of the national income. An estimated 350,000 tourists, mainly from the United States, visited the islands in 1998. Tourism suffered in 2002 because of the lackluster United States economy. In the mid-1980s, the government began offering offshore registration to companies wishing to incorporate in the islands, and incorporation fees now generate substantial revenues. Roughly 400,000 companies were on the offshore registry by yearend 2000. The adoption of a comprehensive insurance law in late 1994, which provides a blanket of confidentiality with regulated statutory gateways for investigation of criminal offenses, made the British Virgin Islands even more attractive to international business. Livestock raising is the most important agricultural activity; poor soils limit the islands´ ability to meet domestic food requirements. Because of traditionally close links with the United States Virgin Islands, the British Virgin Islands has used the United States dollar as its currency since 1959.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $853.4 million (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $839.7 million
GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $38,500 (2004 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.8%

industry: 6.2%

services: 92% (1996 est.)
Labor force: 12,770 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 0.6%

industry: 40%

services: 59.4%
Unemployment rate: 3.6% (1997)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (2005)
Budget: revenues: $204.7 million

expenditures: $180.4 million; including capital expenditures of $33.8 million (1997)
Agriculture - products: fruits, vegetables; livestock, poultry; fish
Industries: tourism, light industry, construction, rum, concrete block, offshore financial center
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: 34.55 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Electricity - consumption: 32.13 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2003)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2003)
Oil - consumption: 410 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Current account balance: $134.3 million
Exports: $25.3 million (2002)
Exports - commodities: rum, fresh fish, fruits, animals; gravel, sand
Exports - partners: Virgin Islands (US), Puerto Rico, United States (2004)
Imports: $187 million (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities: building materials, automobiles, foodstuffs, machinery
Imports - partners: Virgin Islands (US), Puerto Rico, United States (2004)
Debt - external: $36.1 million (1997)
Currency (code): US dollar (USD)
Currency code: USD
Exchange rates: the United States dollar is used
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
 Transportations information 
Airports: 3 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2006)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2006)
Roadways: total: 177 km

paved: 177 km (2002)
Merchant marine: registered in other countries: 1 (North Korea 1) (2006)
Ports and terminals: Road Town
 Military information 
Manpower available for military service: males age 18-49: 6,410 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 18-49: 5,295 (2005 est.)
Manpower reaching military service age annually: males age 18-49: 201 (2005 est.)
 Information about transnational issues 
Disputes - international: none
Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the United States and Europe; large offshore financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering

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