SPAMfighter information about
 

Kuwait

The data on this page is obtained from The World Factbook.
 Communications information 
SPAMfighters: 1,538
Internet users: 700,000 (2005)
Internet hosts: 2,310 (2006)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2000)
Internet country code: .kw
Telephones - main lines in use: 510,300 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 2.38 million (2005)
Telephone system: general assessment: the quality of service is excellent

domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and open-wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait, and the country is well supplied with pay telephones

international: country code - 965; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; linked to Bahrain, Qatar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 2 Arabsat
Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios: 1.175 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Televisions: 875,000 (1997)
 Geographical information 
Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates: 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Map references: Middle East
Area: total: 17,820 sq km

land: 17,820 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries: total: 462 km

border countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Coastline: 499 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 306 m
Natural resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Land use: arable land: 0.84%

permanent crops: 0.17%

other: 98.99% (2005)
Irrigated land: 130 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; some of world´s largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Geography - note: strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
 People information 
Population: 2,418,393

note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 26.9% (male 331,768/female 319,895)

15-64 years: 70.3% (male 1,085,721/female 613,746)

65 years and over: 2.8% (male 42,460/female 24,803) (2006 est.)
Median age: total: 25.9 years

male: 28 years

female: 22.3 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate: 3.52%

note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2006 est.)
Birth rate: 21.94 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate: 2.41 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate: 15.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.77 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.71 male(s)/female

total population: 1.52 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 9.71 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 10.72 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 8.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.2 years

male: 76.13 years

female: 78.31 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.91 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.12% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Nationality: noun: Kuwaiti(s)

adjective: Kuwaiti
Ethnic groups: Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi´a 30%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
Languages: Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 83.5%

male: 85.1%

female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
 Governmental information 
Country name: conventional long form: State of Kuwait

conventional short form: Kuwait

local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt

local short form: Al Kuwayt
Government type: constitutional hereditary emirate
Capital: name: Kuwait

geographic coordinates: 29 20 N, 47 59 E

time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 6 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al ´Asimah, Al Farwaniyah, Al Jahra´, Hawalli, Mubarak Al Kabir
Independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)
National holiday: National Day, 25 February (1950)
Constitution: approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
Legal system: civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: adult males who are not in the military forces, and adult females (as of 16 May 2005); all voters must have been citizens for 20 years
Executive branch: chief of state: Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 January 2006); Crown Prince NAWAF al-Ahmad al-Sabah

head of government: Prime Minister NASIR al-Muhammad al-Ahmad al-Sabah (since 7 February 2006) First Deputy Prime Minister JABIR Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers MUHAMMAD al-Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006) and Ismail al-SHATTI (since 10 July 2006)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the amir

elections: none; the amir is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the amir
Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 29 June 2006 (next to be held in 2010)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - NA; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly
Judicial branch: High Court of Appeal
Political parties and leaders: none; formation of political parties is illegal
Political pressure groups and leaders: a number of political groups act as de facto parties; several legislative blocs operate in the National Assembly: tribal groups, merchants, Shi´a activists, Islamists, and secular liberals
International organization participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador SALIM Abdallah al-Jabir al-Sabah

chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702

FAX: [1] (202) 966-0517
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Richard LEBARON

embassy: Bayan 36302, Area 14, Al-Masjed Al-Aqsa Street (near the Bayan palace), Kuwait City

mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat 13001 Kuwait; or PSC 1280 APO AE 09880-9000

telephone: [965] 259-1001

FAX: [965] 538-0282
Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side; design, which dates to 1961, based on the Arab revolt flag of World War I
 Economical information 
Economy - overview: Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with self-reported crude oil reserves of about 96 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwait´s climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $47.36 billion (2005 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $52.76 billion (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 8.3% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $20,300 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0.4%

industry: 47.9%

services: 51.6% (2005 est.)
Labor force: 1.67 million

note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force (2005 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Unemployment rate: 2.2% (2004 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.1% (2005 est.)
Budget: revenues: $47.21 billion

expenditures: $20.77 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: practically no crops; fish
Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Industrial production growth rate: 13.1% (2005 est.)
Electricity - production: 38.19 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Electricity - consumption: 35.52 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2003)
Oil - production: 2.418 million bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption: 305,000 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - exports: 1.97 million bbl/day (2003)
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Natural gas - production: 8.3 billion cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 8.3 billion cu m (2003 est.)
Current account balance: $26.92 billion (2005 est.)
Exports: $44.43 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports - commodities: oil and refined products, fertilizers
Exports - partners: Japan 19.6%, South Korea 15.3%, US 11.8%, Taiwan 11%, Singapore 9.5%, Netherlands 4.7% (2005)
Imports: $12.23 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports - commodities: food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Imports - partners: US 14%, Germany 10.7%, Japan 8.4%, Saudi Arabia 6.2%, UK 5.6%, France 4.8%, China 4.5% (2005)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $8.972 billion (2005 est.)
Debt - external: $16.12 billion (2005 est.)
Currency (code): Kuwaiti dinar (KD)
Currency code: KWD
Exchange rates: Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.292 (2005), 0.2947 (2004), 0.298 (2003), 0.3039 (2002), 0.3067 (2001)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
 Transportations information 
Airports: 7 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 4

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2006)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2006)
Heliports: 5 (2006)
Pipelines: gas 269 km; oil 540 km; refined products 57 km (2006)
Roadways: total: 4,450 km

paved: 3,587 km

unpaved: 863 km (1999)
Merchant marine: total: 38 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,424,983 GRT/3,996,755 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 1, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 3, petroleum tanker 21

registered in other countries: 28 (Bahrain 3, Comoros 1, Liberia 1, Libya 1, Panama 2, Qatar 7, Saudi Arabia 5, UAE 8) (2006)
Ports and terminals: Ash Shu´aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Az Zawr (Mina´ Sa´ud), Mina´ ´Abd Allah, Mina´ al Ahmadi
 Military information 
Military branches: Land Forces, Kuwaiti Navy, Kuwaiti Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya), National Guard (2006)
Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; 1 month annual training to age 40; women have served in police forces since 1999 (2001)
Manpower available for military service: males age 18-49: 864,745

females age 18-49: 467,120 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 18-49: 737,292

females age 18-49: 405,207 (2005 est.)
Manpower reaching military service age annually: males age 18-49: 18,743

females age 18-49: 20,065 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure: $3.01 billion (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 4.2% (2005 est.)
 Information about transnational issues 
Disputes - international: Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue negotiating a joint maritime boundary with Iran; no maritime boundary exists with Iraq in the Persian Gulf

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