SPAMfighter information about
 

Swaziland

The data on this page is obtained from The World Factbook.
 Communications information 
SPAMfighters: 12
Internet users: 36,000 (2005)
Internet hosts: 2,472 (2006)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2002)
Internet country code: .sz
Telephones - main lines in use: 35,000 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 200,000 (2005)
Telephone system: general assessment: a somewhat modern but not an advanced system

domestic: system consists of carrier-equipped, open-wire lines and low-capacity, microwave radio relay

international: country code - 268; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 2 plus 4 repeaters, shortwave 3 (2004)
Radios: 170,000 (1999)
Television broadcast stations: 12 (includes 7 relay stations) (2004)
Televisions: 23,000 (2000)
 Geographical information 
Location: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
Geographic coordinates: 26 30 S, 31 30 E
Map references: Africa
Area: total: 17,363 sq km

land: 17,203 sq km

water: 160 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries: total: 535 km

border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: varies from tropical to near temperate
Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m

highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m
Natural resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
Land use: arable land: 10.25%

permanent crops: 0.81%

other: 88.94% (2005)
Irrigated land: 500 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: drought
Environment - current issues: limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - note: landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa
 People information 
Population: 1,136,334

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.7% (male 233,169/female 229,103)

15-64 years: 55.8% (male 303,260/female 330,460)

65 years and over: 3.6% (male 16,071/female 24,271) (2006 est.)
Median age: total: 18.5 years

male: 17.8 years

female: 19.2 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.23% (2006 est.)
Birth rate: 27.41 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate: 29.74 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 71.85 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 75.25 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 68.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 32.62 years

male: 32.1 years

female: 33.17 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.53 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 38.8% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 220,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 17,000 (2003 est.)
Nationality: noun: Swazi(s)

adjective: Swazi
Ethnic groups: African 97%, European 3%
Religions: Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%
Languages: English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 81.6%

male: 82.6%

female: 80.8% (2003 est.)
 Governmental information 
Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of Swaziland

conventional short form: Swaziland

local long form: Umbuso weSwatini

local short form: eSwatini
Government type: monarchy
Capital: name: Mbabane

geographic coordinates: 26 18 S, 31 06 E

time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

note: Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)
Administrative divisions: 4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni
Independence: 6 September 1968 (from UK)
National holiday: Independence Day, 6 September (1968)
Constitution: the first constitution was signed into law in July 2005 and is scheduled to be implemented in January 2006
Legal system: based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom in traditional courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage: 18 years of age
Executive branch: chief of state: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)

head of government: Prime Minister Absolom Themba DLAMINI (since 14 November 2003)

cabinet: Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch
Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Libandla, an advisory body, consists of the Senate (30 seats - 10 appointed by the House of Assembly and 20 appointed by the monarch; members serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (65 seats - 10 appointed by the monarch and 55 elected by popular vote; members serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Assembly - last held 18 October 2003 (next to be held October 2008)

election results: House of Assembly - balloting is done on a nonparty basis; candidates for election are nominated by the local council of each constituency and for each constituency the three candidates with the most votes in the first round of voting are narrowed to a single winner by a second round
Judicial branch: High Court; Court of Appeal; judges for both courts are appointed by the monarch
Political parties and leaders: political parties are banned by the government under an emergency decree that will be revoked when the new constitution takes effect (January 2006)- the following are considered political associations; Imbokodvo National Movement or INM; Ngwane National Liberatory Congress or NNLC [Obed DLAMINI, president]; People´s United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU, president]
Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Ephraim Mandla HLOPHE

chancery: 1712 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 234-5002

FAX: [1] (202) 234-8254
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Lewis LUCKE

embassy: Central Bank Building, Mahlokahla Street, Mbabane

mailing address: P. O. Box 199, Mbabane

telephone: [268] 404-6441 through 404-6445

FAX: [268] 404-5959
Flag description: three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally
 Economical information 
Economy - overview: In this small, landlocked economy, subsistence agriculture occupies more than 80% of the population. The manufacturing sector has diversified since the mid-1980s. Sugar and wood pulp remain important foreign exchange earners. Mining has declined in importance in recent years with only coal and quarry stone mines remaining active. Surrounded by South Africa, except for a short border with Mozambique, Swaziland is heavily dependent on South Africa from which it receives about nine-tenths of its imports and to which it sends nearly two-thirds of its exports. Customs duties from the Southern African Customs Union and worker remittances from South Africa substantially supplement domestically earned income. The government is trying to improve the atmosphere for foreign investment. Overgrazing, soil depletion, drought, and sometimes floods persist as problems for the future. More than one-fourth of the population needed emergency food aid in 2004-05 because of drought, and nearly two-fifths of the adult population has been infected by HIV/AIDS.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.68 billion (2005 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $2.117 billion (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 1.8% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,000 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 11.9%

industry: 51.5%

services: 36.6% (2005 est.)
Labor force: 155,700 (2003)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Unemployment rate: 40% (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line: 69% (2005)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1%

highest 10%: 50.2% (1995)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4% (2005 est.)
Budget: revenues: $805.6 million

expenditures: $957.1 million; including capital expenditures of $147 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep
Industries: mining (coal, raw asbestos), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
Industrial production growth rate: 3.7% (FY95/96)
Electricity - production: 392 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 58%

hydro: 42%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Electricity - consumption: 1.161 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports: 821.4 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by South Africa (2004)
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil - consumption: 3,500 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - exports: NA bbl/day
Oil - imports: NA bbl/day
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Current account balance: $7 million (2005 est.)
Exports: $1.991 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports - commodities: soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
Exports - partners: South Africa 59.7%, EU 8.8%, US 8.8%, Mozambique 6.2% (2004)
Imports: $2.149 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports - commodities: motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Imports - partners: South Africa 95.6%, EU 0.9%, Japan 0.9%, Singapore 0.3% (2004)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $311 million (2005 est.)
Debt - external: $357 million (2003 est.)
Currency (code): lilangeni (SZL)
Currency code: SZL
Exchange rates: emalangeni per US dollar - 6.3593 (2005), 6.4597 (2004), 7.5648 (2003), 10.5407 (2002), 8.6092 (2001)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
 Transportations information 
Airports: 18 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2006)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 17

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 10 (2006)
Railways: total: 301 km

narrow gauge: 301 km 1.067-m gauge (2005)
Roadways: total: 3,594 km

paved: 1,078 km

unpaved: 2,516 km (2002)
 Military information 
Military branches: Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force (USDF): Ground Force (includes air wing), Royal Swaziland Police Force (RSPF) (2005)
Military service age and obligation: 18-30 years of age for voluntary military service; both sexes are eligible for military service (2005)
Manpower available for military service: males age 18-49: 227,617 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 18-49: 89,609 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure: $41.6 million (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 1.4% (2005 est.)
 Information about transnational issues 
Disputes - international: none

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